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Sunday, August 2, 2020 | History

1 edition of Scientific Uncertainty and Its Influence on the Public Communication Process found in the catalog.

Scientific Uncertainty and Its Influence on the Public Communication Process

by Virginia H. Sublet

  • 243 Want to read
  • 33 Currently reading

Published by Springer Netherlands in Dordrecht .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • System safety,
  • Engineering,
  • Social sciences,
  • Environmental management

  • About the Edition

    Experts from academia and government who are actively engaged in research in the area of risk communication present a compendium of cases that give information and allow the development of strategies to improve the communication of scientific information to the public. The cases span Western, Central and Eastern Europe, covering such areas as nuclear waste, heavy metal contamination, landfill siting, risk perception, global warming, international health for all, and more. The conclusions and recommendations presented here are being used to develop future activities to further explore this area of risk communication as an international study. Audience: Scientists, risk communicators, psychologists, toxicologists, health professionals, and anyone who has an interest in public communication on scientific uncertainty.

    Edition Notes

    Other titlesProceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Paris, France, September 8-10, 1994
    Statementedited by Virginia H. Sublet, Vincent T. Covello, Tim L. Tinker
    SeriesNATO ASI Series, Series D: Behavioural and Social Sciences -- 86, NATO ASI Series, Series D: Behavioural and Social Sciences -- 86
    ContributionsCovello, Vincent T., Tinker, Tim L.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTA169.7, T55-T55.3, TA403.6
    The Physical Object
    Format[electronic resource] /
    Pagination1 online resource (248 p.)
    Number of Pages248
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL27086672M
    ISBN 109048147379, 9401586195
    ISBN 109789048147373, 9789401586191
    OCLC/WorldCa851377806

    They need certainty to convince the public of the rightness of the proposed action—particularly if the decision involves economic pain. The following from the Union of Concerned Scientists, a science-based nonprofit with more than , members, speaks to science and uncertainty: In science, there's often not absolute certainty. Public perception of seriousness of risk for themselves, and for other people was examined for different types of uncertainty, for each of five different food hazards. The results indicated that participants responded to the different types of uncertainty in a uniform way, suggesting that perception of risk associated with uncertainty is not.

    “Uncertainty, volatility and chaos drive organisational change”. Discuss with reference to theories/models of organisational change and innovation. The report aims at explaining how uncertainty, volatility and chaos lead to organizational change. Organizational change is hard to achieve since. ADVERTISEMENTS: Decision-Making: In Public Administration: The decision-making as a process of administration has a wide range of application mainly in public administration and at the beginning of the fifties of last century it came to the limelight. Behind this the work of a celebrity of public administration was active and he was H. A. Simon. [ ].

    Uncertainty is part of science but it's no excuse for indecision. Chandrika Nath shows how to communicate uncertainty to policymakers.. As a scientist, you know uncertainty is intrinsic to science. Not all questions can be answered with per cent certainty and even widely accepted theories can be challenged by new evidence. The communication of scientific uncertainty is a challenging task and an essential element of shared decision making. Our study suggests that physicians’ attitudes towards the communication of uncertainty may be influenced not only by socio‐demographic characteristics but also by perceptions of their patients’ aversion to ambiguity.


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Scientific Uncertainty and Its Influence on the Public Communication Process by Virginia H. Sublet Download PDF EPUB FB2

The conclusions and recommendations presented here are being used to develop future activities to further explore this area of risk communication as an international study.

Audience: Scientists, risk communicators, psychologists, toxicologists, health professionals, and anyone who has an interest in public communication on scientific uncertainty. Get this from a library. Scientific Uncertainty and Its Influence on the Public Communication Process.

[Virginia H Sublet; Vincent T Covello; Tim L Tinker] -- Experts from academia and government who are actively engaged in research in the area of risk communication present a compendium of cases that give information and allow the development of strategies.

The NATO Advanced Research Workshop on “Scientific Uncertainty and Its Influence on the Public Communication Process” was held Sept. 8–10, in Paris, France. The workshop brought together experts from government and academia to discuss the question of scientific uncertainty and its effect on the conception, design, and transmission of Cited by: 1.

All science has uncertainty. Unless that uncertainty is communicated effectively, decision makers may put too much or too little faith in it. The information that needs to be communicated depends on the decisions that people face. Are they (i) looking for a signal (e.g., whether to evacuate before a hurricane), (ii) choosing among fixed options (e.g., which medical treatment is best), or Cited by:   Communicating uncertainty often undermines perceived expertise, but if you don't communicate uncertainty and end up being wrong, you risk Cited by:   Book Description.

Exploring the interactions that swirl around scientific uncertainty and its coverage by the mass media, this volume breaks new ground by looking at these issues from three different perspectives: that of communication scholars who have studied uncertainty in a number of ways; that of science journalists who have covered these issues; and that of scientists who have been.

communication skills and studying the creation and impact of mediat ed science stories. She has pub- with uncertainty in science.

This book is intended for anyone who wants to get a clear view. This work, by the editors of "Scientists and Journalists: Reporting Science as News", explores scientific uncertainty and media coverage of it in such major public issues as AISA, biotechnology, dioxin, global warming, and nature vs.

nurture. It examines the interrelations of the major actors in constructing and explaining uncertainty: scientists, journalists, scholars, and the larger public. The term “policy analysis” describes scientific evaluations of the impacts of past public policies and predictions of the outcomes of potential future policies.

A prevalent practice has been to report policy analysis with incredible certitude. That is, exact predictions of policy outcomes are routine, while expressions of uncertainty are rare. However, predictions and estimates often are. Journalists often seek to reduce uncertainty with the use of multiple sources and research to identify scientific uncertainty.

Lawyers and advocates often seek to maximize communication of scientific uncertainty as a tool to support a position. Scientists often seek to analyze and explain uncertainty, moving the field toward consensus.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Clear Communication Index (CCI) recommends that health communication materials acknowledge uncertainty because acknowledgment helps lay people understand the scientific process and anticipate that findings or recommendations could change in the future (Centers for Disease Control and.

Smithson presents that, in the book, Business Communication Today, managerial success builds on good communication [1]. In spite of its importance, many of the workers in hotel business overlook this point in practical world.

It is something that is talked about much but done little. Different ways to deal with (un)certainty in the scientific versus public arena; 3. Audiences encounter scientific uncertainty in mediated communication; 4. Uncertainty and actors in the public communication process; 5.

Mediated-message effects on lay perceptions of uncertainty; Consequences; 6. Overview of the special issue; Acknowledgements. However, substantive evidence supports the public’s misinterpretation of uncertainty, which may influence their ability to understand the advances and importance of climate science in addressing environmental risks (Delicado, ; McBean & Hengeveld, ; Rabinovich & Morton, ; Zehr, ).

The gap in scientific and lay public. This book analyses interest group communication strategies in parliamentary political systems, and considers how political uncertainty, which emerges from the political process, shapes interest group communication strategies, through public or private channels.

identifies the important elements of the communication process (Cheney, ) Message Figure 1. The communication process. Two common elements in every communication exchange are the sender and the receiver. The sender initiates the communication. In a school, the sender is a person who has a need or desire to convey an idea or concept to others.

Most physicians endorse open models of communication; however, 14% endorse limited communication of information and a paternalistic decision‐making process. 7 There is wide variation in the degree to which physicians actually engage in SDM under conditions of scientific uncertainty.

11 Less than half of physicians’ decision‐making styles. F ew policies for risk management have created as much controversy as the Precautionary Principle. Emerging in European environmental policies in the late s ([1][1]), the principle has become enshrined in numerous international treaties and declarations.

It is, by the Treaty on European Union (), the basis for European environmental law, and plays an increasing role in. Agenda-setting describes the "ability (of the news media) to influence the importance placed on the topics of the public agenda".

Agenda-setting is the creation of public awareness and concern of salient issues by the news media. The study of agenda-setting describes the way media attempts to influence viewers, and establish a hierarchy of news prevalence.

In particular, Communicating Uncertainty examines how well the mass media convey to the public the complexities, ambiguities, and controversies that are part of scientific uncertainty. In addition to its new approach to scientific uncertainty and mass media interactions, this book distinguishes itself in the quality of work it assembles by some Format: Paperback.

A recent, relevant publication is (with Kohl, P.A. et al): ‘The influence of weight-of-evidence strategies on audience perceptions of (un)certainty when media cover contested science’, Public. Eliciting Uncertainty. Science communication is driven by what audiences need to know, not by what scientists want to say.

Thus, it is unlike communicating with students, who must accept curricular definitions of what matters. However, relevance poses challenges.At the same time, the scientific community has sought to improve its communication practices, in order to present a more accurate picture to the public and policy makers of the state of scientific knowledge about climate change.

In this review article, we examine two sets of insights that could influence the success of such communication efforts.